International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Genetic parameters and inbreeding depression of Half-Sib and Selfing families to developed as baby corn variety

By: Nailan Nabila, Yudiwanti Wahyu, Winarso Drajad Widodo

Key Words: Baby corn, Half-sib, Inbreeding depression, Selfing

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(4), 42-49, April 2017.

Abstract

Baby corn is kind of vegetable that has high nutritional value and safe to be consumed fresh or in canned, but baby corn variety isn’t available in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to evaluated S1 and HS families to be developed as baby corn variety. This study was conducted at Cikarawang experimental station, Bogor Agricultural University from May to December 2016, using eight open pollinated varieties as progenitor (S0) and their inbreeding families (HS and S1). Significant differences were found among genotypes on baby corn traits. Mean of inbreeding families were lower than their S0 in baby corn traits except ear diameter. The best percentage of marketable baby corn was selfing families 37.56%. Inbreeding depression for S1 families were higher than HS families. The highest inbreeding depression was number of ear per plant, 20.25% for HS and 25.52% for S1. The estimates of genetic effects (additive and dominance) for baby corn traits were specific in each S1 genotypes. In general, the gene action was predominantly additive for all traits in S1 families. Selfing families generated from Golden, Hawaii, Baruna, Lokal madura, and Mutiara were suggested to developed as open pollinated varieties, and S1 families from Laksmi, Genjah melati, and Srikandi kuning were suggested to developed as hybrid varieties.

| Views 28 |

Genetic parameters and inbreeding depression of Half-Sib and Selfing families to developed as baby corn variety

Aekatasanawan, C. 2001. Baby corn. In: Hallauer AR, Ed. Specialty Corns 2nd edition. United Stated, US: CRC Press 280-297.

Ajala SO, Ago CE, Olaoye G. 2009. Comparison of predicted responses to three types of recurrent selection procedures for the improvement of a maize (Zea mays L.) population. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Sciece 1, 284-292.

Arnhold E, Viana JMS, Mora F, Miranda GV, Silva RG. 2010. Inbreeding depression and genetic components for popping expansion and other traits in brazilian populations of popcorn. Ciencia e Investigacion Agraria 37, 125-132.

Botelho FBS, Bruzi AT, Lima IP, Rodrigues CS, Botelho RT de C. 2016. Inbreeding depression in single, three way and double-cross hybrids of maize. Genetic and Molecular Research 15, 1-7.

De Freitas JPX, da Silva Santos V, de Oliveira EJ. 2016. Inbreeding depression in cassava for productive traits. Euphytica  209, 137-145.

Dhasarathan M, Babu C, Iyanar K, Velayudham K. 2012. Studies on genetic potential of baby corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids for yield and quality traits. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 3, 853-860.

Dhasarathan M, Babu C, Iyanar K. 2015. Combining ability and gene action studies for yield and quality traits in baby corn (Zea mays L.).  SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics 47, 60-69.

Edwards JW, Lamkey KR. 2002. Quantitative genetics of inbreeding in a synthetic maize population. Crop Science 42, 1094-1104.

[FAO] Food And Agriculture Organization. 2007. Fresh fruits and vegetables. Rome, IT: Codex Alimentarius, 13-17.

Fox C. 2005. Problems in measuring among-family variation in inbreeding depression. American Journal of Botany 92, 1929-1932.

Govindaraj M, Rai KN, Shanmugasundaram P. 2016. Intra-population genetic variance for grain iron and zinc contents and agronomic traits in pearl millet. The Crop Journal 4, 48-54.

Grisales SO, Burbano LVB, Narvaez GAO, Restrepo MPV, Garcia DB, Cabrera FAV. 2014. Inbreeding and gene action in butternut squash. Revista Facultated Nacional de Agronomia Medellin 67, 7169-7175.

Hallauer AR, Carena MJ, Filho JBM. 1988. Quantitative genetics in maize breeding. New York, NY: Springer 577-653.

Harris RE, Moll RH, Stuber CW. 1976. Control and inheritance of prolificacy in maize, Crop Science 16, 843-850.

Hooda S, Kawatra A. 2013. Nutritional evaluation of baby corn (Zea mays). Nutrition & Food Science 43, 69-67.

Kashiani P, Saleh G, Abdullah NAP, Abdullah SN. 2010. Variation and genetic studies on selected sweet corn inbred lines. Asian Journal of Crop Science 2, 78-84.

Keller LK, Waller DM. 2002. Inbreeding effect in wild populations. Trends in Ecology & Evolution  17, 230-241.

Pacheco CAP, dos Santos MX, Cruz CD, Parentoni SN, de Oliveira Guimarles PV, e Gama EEG, da Silva AE, de Carvalho HWL, Junior PAV. 2002. Inbreeding depression of 28 maize elite open pollinated varieties. Genetics and Molecular Biology 25, 441-448.

Porcher E, Lande L. 2016. Inbreeding depression under mixed outcrossing,  Self-fertilization and sib-mating. BioMed Central Evolutionay Biology 16,105-118.

Promson S, Lavapaurya T, Subhadrabandhu S, Chutkaew C. 1990. Population improvement of baby corn Thai composite 1 DMR by s1 and full-sib selections. Kasetrat Journal 24, 417- 423.

Rani R, Sheoran RK, Soni PG, Kaith S, Sharma A. 2017. Baby corn: a wonderful vegetable. International Journal of Science, Environment, and Technology 6, 1407-1412.

Shahi JP dan Gayatonde V. 2017. Baby corn. In: Peter KV, Ed. Genesis and Evolution of Horticultural crop. United Kingdom, UK: Krunger Brentt Publisher 47-65.

Sleper DA,Poehlman JM. 2006. Breeding Field Crops 5th Ed. New Delhi, IN: Blackwell publishing 53-70.

Sutjahjo HS, Hardiatmi, Meynilivia. 2005. Evaluation and selection on 24 local and introduction corn genotypes grown as baby corn. Jurnal ilmu-ilmu pertanian Indonesia 7, 35-43.

Yudiwanti, WR Sepriliyana, SG Budiarti. 2010. Potensi beberapa varietas jagung untuk dikembangkan sebaga varietas jagung semi. Jurnal Hortikultura 20, 157-163.

Nailan Nabila, Yudiwanti Wahyu, Winarso Drajad Widodo. 2017. Genetic parameters and inbreeding depression of Half-Sib and Selfing families to developed as baby corn variety. Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(4), 42-49.
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update