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Evaluation on drought and heat tolerance capacity of chickpea

By: Derya Yücel, Meltem Türkeri, Dürdane Mart, Nigar Angın

Key Words: Irrigation, Rain fed, Stress Susceptibility, Tolerance Indices.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(6), 106-117, June 2017.

Abstract

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the important legumes widely grown for dietary proteins in semi-arid Mediterranean climatic conditions. To evaluate the genetic diversity with improved heat and drought tolerance capacity in chickpea, thirty-four selected chickpea genotypes were tested under different field-growing conditions (rain fed winter sowing, irrigated-late sowing and rain fed-late sowing) in 2015 and 2016 growing seasons. A factorial experiment in randomized complete block design with 3 reps was conducted at the Eastern Mediterranean Research Institute Adana, Turkey. Based on grain yields under different growing conditions, the values of tolerance index, mean productivity, yield index, yield stability index, stress tolerance index, stress susceptibility index, and geometric mean productivity were calculated to identify economically higher-yielding chickpea genotypes with greater heat and drought tolerance capacity. There were highly significant differences observed among the tested chickpea genotypes response to drought and heat stresses. Besides, in both non-stress and stress conditions mean productivity, yield index, stress tolerance index, and geometric mean productivity, which highly positively significantly correlated with seed yields, were the best indices. Among the chickpea genotypes, the Aksu, Arda, Çakır, F4 09 (X 05 TH 21-16189), FLIP 03-108 were identified with a higher drought and heat tolerance capacity. Based on our field studies, it is suggested that the drought and heat tolerance indicators of plants can be used by breeders to select stress-resistant economically productive chickpea genotypes suitable to grow under Mediterranean climatic conditions.

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Evaluation on drought and heat tolerance capacity of chickpea

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Derya Yücel, Meltem Türkeri, Dürdane Mart, Nigar Angın.
Evaluation on drought and heat tolerance capacity of chickpea.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(6), 106-117, June 2017.
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