International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Estimating the impacts of different fertilizers on the growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

By: Syed Hassan Ali Shah, Abdul Rashid, Hazrat Sher, Eizat Wadan, Ishtiaq Ahmad, Murad Ali

Key Words: Fertilizers, Agricultural crop, Triticum aestivum, Productivity

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 11(1), 17-23, July 2017.

Certification: ijaar 2017 0003

Abstract

The effects of different fertilizers on the growth and yield of wheat were examined. Five different plots including: Control plot, Urea treated plot, NPK treated plot, Natural manure treated plot and UREA+ NPK+ natural manure treated plot size 10.4m * 10.4m each were developed. For estimating their impacts 2.5 kg of NPK and urea was used at the rate of 100 kg per Acre, .375 kg of natural manure was used at the rate of 15000 kg per Acre. Other conditions such as, light exposure, irrigation, soil natures etc. were kept same for all plots. From each plot 500 plants were randomly selected. Their Height, dry weight (biomass), grain mass and grain numbers were analyzed. Maximum average height was observed for Urea+ NPK+ Natural manure (39cm), for Urea it was 38cm, NPK 36cm, Natural manure 35cm and Control 24cm. Maximum plants weight was again observed for Urea+ NPK+ Natural manure that was 19.02kg, for Urea it was 18.78kg, for natural manure 15.05kg, for NPK it was recorded 13.29kg and for Control 10.94kg. Maximum grain weight was recorded for NPK 6.01kg, for Urea+ NPK+ Natural manure it was 4.46kg, for Urea 4.40kg, for Natural manure 4.09kg and for Control was 3.26kg, while maximum grain number was obtained for NPK 132531, for Urea+ NPK+ Natural manure 102482 grains were counted, for Urea 99453 grains, for Natural manure 95443 grains and for Control it was 80387. The conducted research therefore recommend fertilizers with adequate amount of N,P and K and appropriate timing for a soil fertilization.

| Views 45 |

Estimating the impacts of different fertilizers on the growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Abid AM, Iqbal A, Maqsood M, Hussain MI. 2001. Effect of variable rate of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth and yield of maize (golden). Online Journal of Biological Sciences 1, 19-20.

Anonymous. 2009-10. United States Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agriculture Services, USA.

Frankart R, Neel H, Sottiaux G. 1974. Les sols humifères des régions d’altitude du Rwanda et du Burundi. évolutions sous l’action anthropique. Pédologie 24(2), p. 164–177.

Jan MT, Khan MJ, Khan A, Arif M, Farhatullah, Jan D, Saeed M,  Afridi MZ. 2011. Improving wheat productivity through source and timing of nitrogen fertilization. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43(2), 905-914.

Khan MB, Lone MI, Rehmatullah, Kaleem S,  Ahmad M. 2010. Effect of different phosphatic fertilizers on growth attributes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of American Science 6(12).

Liu D,  Shin Y. 2013. Effects of Different Nitrogen Fertilizer on Quality and Yield in Winter Wheat. Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology 5(5), 646-649.

Malghani L,  Malik A, Sattar A,  Hussain F, Abbas G,  Hussain J. 2010. Response of growth and yield of wheat to NPK. Sci. Int. (Lahore) 24(2), 185-189.

Nasir E, Ali SI. 1982. Flora of Pakistan. Poaceae. no. 143.

Niamatullah M, Khan M,  Khan MQ, Sadiq M, Zaman KU, Hayat CS,  Rehman S. 2011. Impact of NPK applications on the number of productive tillers and cost benefit analysis of wheat in hill-torrent irrigated area of D. I. Khan division Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences 21(2).

Noreen F, Noreen S. 2012. Effect of different fertilizers on wheat growth. International journal of science and research 3(11).

Panhwar F. 2014. Style and life. Wheat production, verities and management practices in Sindh. www.pkhope.com/wheat-production-varieties-and-management-practices-in-sindh-pakistan.

Zia  MS, Gill MA, Aslam M, Hussain MF. 1991. Fertilizer use efficiency in Pakistan. Progressive farming 11, 35-8.

Syed Hassan Ali Shah, Abdul Rashid, Hazrat Sher, Eizat Wadan, Ishtiaq Ahmad, Murad Ali.
Estimating the impacts of different fertilizers on the growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 11(1), 17-23, July 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijaar/estimating-impacts-different-fertilizers-growth-yield-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update