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Effects of rhizobia inoculation and molybdenum application on nodulation, N uptake and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

By: Marie Solange Mandou, Asafor Henry Chotangui, Laurette Ngo Nkot, Dieudonné Nwaga

Key Words: Arachis hypogaea, Rhizobium, Molybdenum, Nodulation, Yield and N uptake.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 11(1), 103-113, July 2017.

Certification: ijaar 2017 0013

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Abstract

A field experiment was conducted in two sites of the humid forest zone of the Centre Region of Cameroon (Yaounde and Bokito), to study the interactive effect of rhizobia inoculation and Molybdenum (Mo) application on nodulation and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with four replications. The treatments consisted of control (C), Rhizobium inoculation (R), Mo application (Mo) and a combination R+Mo. The results showed that Molybdenum and rhizobia inoculation had a significant effect on the yield of peanut at both sites. The inoculation with rhizobia showed a remarkable effect on the nodulation of the fallow of Yaounde (67. 73%) and not on the mixed- farm in Bokito (55. 43%) at P = 0.05. Nodulation was also stimulated through the combination of rhizobia inoculation with molybdenum application with increment of 111.26% and 50.44% nodule dry weight respectively for Yaounde and Bokito sites. The application of molybdenum alone improved significantly (P = 0.05) seed yield of peanut in both sites. However the increment was high in Yaoundé site (174%) as compared to Bokito site (10%). It stands out clearly that rhizobia inoculation combined with molybdenum application greatly enhanced biological N-fixation of peanut. The effect of these treatments on yield and the nitrogen uptake of peanut were much more remarkable on the fallow of Yaounde than the mixed-farm of bokito. It is therefore possible to greatly stimulate the biological N-fixation and the nitrogen uptake of peanut through symbiosis with the native rhizobia of the soil alone or after inoculation.

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Effects of rhizobia inoculation and molybdenum application on nodulation, N uptake and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

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Marie Solange Mandou, Asafor Henry Chotangui, Laurette Ngo Nkot, Dieudonné Nwaga.
Effects of rhizobia inoculation and molybdenum application on nodulation, N uptake and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.).
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 11(1), 103-113, July 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijaar/effects-rhizobia-inoculation-molybdenum-application-nodulation-n-uptake-yield-peanut-arachis-hypogaea-l/
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