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Effect of the stage of maturity on the green self-life and the biochemical parameters of plantain (Musa AAB, var. Horn 1) stored in the improved shelter

By: Brou Koffi Siméon, Yao N’zué Benjamin, Kouamé Akissi Françoise, Yué Bi Yao Clément, Kouamé Fils David Vincent, Edi Edi Janequin, Tano Kablan

Key Words: Plantain, Storage, Improved shelter, Green self-life (GSL), Post-harvest loss

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(6), 6-18, June 2017.

Abstract

A study has been conducted in order to determine the efficacy of the improved shelters to retard the plantain ripening to reduce the post-harvests losses. Variety of plantain Horn 1 harvested at 65, 70, 75, 80, 85 and 90 days after floral apparition have been stored in the improved shelter and covered or not by dried leaves of plantain. The green self-life (GSL) was determined when the ripe fingers are withdrawn or maintained in the batches. The physicochemical changes were measured in terms of the loss of mass, firmness of pulp, dry matter, pH, titratable acidity (TA), total soluble solids (TSS), total sugars (TS) and reducing sugars (RS) fruit. The results of GSL of plantain range from 15 to 36 days for plantains non-covered by dried leaves and from 15 to 38 days when they are covered and when the ripe fingers are removed from the batches. Similarly, the GSL oscillates between 14 and 29 days for non-covered plantain and between 15 and 31 days for those covered with dried leaves when the ripe fingers are not removed from the batches. Concerning the GSL of the control samples stored outdoors, it is included between 4 and 9 days. The samples stored in improved shelter have higher GSL as control samples stored outdoors. The results of biochemical analysis show a decrease of firmness and pH during storage. However, we notice an increasing of percentage of loss of mass, dry matter, total and reducing sugars, titratable acidity, total soluble solids (TSS). The analysis of the data revealed that the improved shelters significantly prolonged the GSL of the fruit.

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Effect of the stage of maturity on the green self-life and the biochemical parameters of plantain (Musa AAB, var. Horn 1) stored in the improved shelter

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Brou Koffi Siméon, Yao N’zué Benjamin, Kouamé Akissi Françoise, Yué Bi Yao Clément, Kouamé Fils David Vincent, Edi Edi Janequin, Tano Kablan.
Effect of the stage of maturity on the green self-life and the biochemical parameters of plantain (Musa AAB, var. Horn 1) stored in the improved shelter.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(6), 6-18, June 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijaar/effect-stage-maturity-green-self-life-biochemical-parameters-plantain-musa-aab-var-horn-1-stored-improved-shelter/
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