International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effect of combined zinc and iron application rates on summer maize yield, photosynthetic capacity and grain quality

By: Innocent Mugenzi, Dong Yongli, Wansim A. Ngnadong, Hai Dan, Etienne Niyigaba, Angelique Twizerimana, Hai Jiangbo

Key Words: Maize, Zinc, Iron, Grain yield, Quality.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 12(5), 36-46, May 2018.

Certification: ijaar 2018 0101 [Generate Certificate]


Zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) are important nutrients for both human and plants and their soil deficiency is a worldwide concern. This study investigated the benefits of using different rates of sole Zn and Fe along with their combinations on maize crude protein (CP) concentration, ether extract (EE) and crude fiber(CF). And some agronomic traits including dry biomass, grain yield and photosynthesis were examined as well. The field experiment was carried out at Doukou experimental station in 2016 to investigate the effect of Zn, Fe and Zn-Fe combinations on summer maize agronomic traits and quality. The results showed that the application of the micronutrients did not significantly influence maize dry biomass, total leaf area and chlorophyll content (SPAD). However, the application of Zn-Fe soil spray application had a significant effect on maize grain yield from 3497.01 to 4530.26 kg ha-1 and net photosynthetic rate (Pn) from 19.74 to 37.84 CO2 μm-2 g-1 being the increases of 30% and 92% respectively. CP content significantly increased from 8.39% to 9.91 % and CF from 10.81% to 15.96%. These results imply that the use of Zn-Fe combination might be an alternative way to improve maize growth and quality in regions with Zn and Fe deficiency.

| Views 15 |

Effect of combined zinc and iron application rates on summer maize yield, photosynthetic capacity and grain quality

Alloway B. 2009a. Soil factors associated with zinc deficiency in crops and humans. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 31(5), 537-48.

Alloway BJ. 2009b. Soil factors associated with zinc deficiency in crops and humans. Environmental Geochemistry and Health31(5), 537-48.

Anzellotti A, Farrell N. 2008. Zinc metalloproteins as medicinal targets. Chemical Society Reviews, 37(8), 1629-51.

Bender RR, Haegele JW, Ruffo ML, Below F E. 2013. Nutrient uptake, partitioning, and remobilization in modern, transgenic insect-protected maize hybrids. Agronomy Journal, 105(1), 161-70.

Briat JF, Curie C, Gaymard F. 2007. Iron utilization and metabolism in plants. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 10(3), 276-82.

Broadley MR, White PJ, Bryson RJ, Meacham MC, Bowen HC, Johnson S E, Hawkesford MJ, McGrath SP, Zhao FJ, Breward N. 2006. Biofortification of UK food crops with selenium. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 65(2), 169-81.

Cakmak I. 2008. Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: agronomic or genetic biofortification? Plant and soil, 302(1-2), 1-17.

Cakmak I. 2012. HarvestPlus zinc fertilizer project: HarvestZinc. Better Crops, 96(2), 17-19.

Cakmak I, Kalaycı M, Ekiz H, Braun H J, Kılınç Y, Yılmaz A. 1999. Zinc deficiency as a practical problem in plant and human nutrition in Turkey: A NATO-science for stability project. Field Crops Research, 60(1–2), 175-88.

CAKMAK I, Marschner H, Bangerth F. 1989. Effect of zinc nutritional status on growth, protein metabolism and levels of indole-3-acetic acid and other phytohormones in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Experimental Botany, 40(3), 405-12.

Cakmak I, Pfeiffer W H, McClafferty B. 2010. REVIEW: Biofortification of Durum Wheat with Zinc and Iron. Cereal Chemistry Journal, 87(1), 10-20 DOI: 10.1094/CCHEM-87-1-0010.

Chemists A o O A, Chemists A o O A. 1920. Official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Association of Official Analytical Chemists.

de Valença AW, Bake A, Brouwer ID, Giller K E. 2017. Agronomic biofortification of crops to fight hidden hunger in sub-Saharan Africa. Global Food Security, 12, 8-14.

Gómez-Galera S, Rojas E, Sudhakar D, Zhu C, Pelacho AM, Capell T, Christou P. 2010. Critical evaluation of strategies for mineral fortification of staple food crops. Transgenic research, 19(2), 165-80.

García-Bañuelos ML, Sida-Arreola JP, Sánchez E. 2014. Biofortification-promising approach to increasing the content of iron and zinc in staple food crops. Journal of Elementology, 19(3).

George R, Schmitt M. 2002. Zinc for crop production. Regents of the University of Minnesota.

Gonzalez D, Obrador A, Lopez-Valdivia L, Alvarez J. 2008. Effect of zinc source applied to soils on its availability to navy bean. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 72(3), 641-49.

Hell R, Stephan U W. 2003. Iron uptake, trafficking and homeostasis in plants. Planta, 216:(4), 541-51.

Hossain M, Jahiruddin M, Islam M, Mian M. 2008. The requirement of zinc for improvement of crop yield and mineral nutrition in the maize–mungbean–rice system. Plant and soil, 306(1-2), 13-22.

Hosseini S, Maftoun M, Karimian N, Ronaghi A, Emam Y. 2007. Effect of zinc× boron interaction on plant growth and tissue nutrient concentration of corn. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 30(5), 773-81.

Kanai M, Hirai M, Yoshiba M, Tadano T, Higuchi K. 2009. Iron deficiency causes zinc excess in Zea mays. Soil science and plant nutrition, 55(2), 271-76.

Kobraee S, Shamsi K, Ekhtiari S. 2011. Soybean nodulation and chlorophyll concentration (SPAD value) affected by some of micronutrients. Annals of Biological Research, 2(2), 414-22.

Komarek A, Manson H, Thiex N. 1996. Crude fiber determinations using the ANKOM System. ANKOM Tech. Corp., Pub, 102.

Leach K, Hameleers A. 2001. The effects of a foliar spray containing phosphorus and zinc on the development, composition and yield of forage maize. Grass and Forage Science, 56(3), 311-15.

Li G, Zhang Z-S, Gao HY, Liu P, Dong ST, Zhang JW, Zhao B. 2012. Effects of nitrogen on photosynthetic characteristics of leaves from two different stay-green corn (Zea mays L.) varieties at the grain-filling stage. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 92(4), 671-80.

Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. 1978. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese, and copper1. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 42(3), 421-28.

Liu DY, Zhang W, Yan P, Chen XP, Zhang FS, Zou CQ. 2017. Soil application of zinc fertilizer could achieve high yield and high grain zinc concentration in maize. Plant and soil, 411(1-2), 47-55.

Ma Q, Wang X, Li H, Li H, Cheng L, Zhang F, Rengel Z, Shen J. 2014. Localized application of NH4+-N plus P enhances zinc and iron accumulation in maize via modifying root traits and rhizosphere processes. Field Crops Research, 164, 107-16.

Manzeke GM, Mtambanengwe F, Nezomba H, Mapfumo P. 2014. Zinc fertilization influence on maize productivity and grain nutritional quality under integrated soil fertility management in Zimbabwe. Field Crops Research, 166, 128-36.

Marschner H. 2011. Marschner’s mineral nutrition of higher plants. Academic press.

Marschner H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. 2nd (eds) Academic Press. New York.

Orabi A, Mashadi H, Abdallah A, Morsy M. 1981. Effect of zinc and phosphorus on the grain yield of corn (Zea mays L.) grown on a calcareous soil. Plant and soil, 63(2), 291-94.

Peck A, McDonald G, Graham R. 2008. Zinc nutrition influences the protein composition of flour in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Cereal Science, 47(2), 266-74.

Sakal R, Singh A, Singh B. 1981. Evaluation of critical limit of zinc in calcareous soils for predicting response of maize to applied zinc fertilizer. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 97(2), 493-95.

Saltzman A, Birol E, Bouis HE, Boy E, De Moura FF, Islam Y, Pfeiffer WH. 2013. Biofortification: progress toward a more nourishing future. Global Food Security, 2(1), 9-17.

Sharma S. 2007. Adaptation of photosynthesis under iron deficiency in maize. Journal of plant physiology, 164(10), 1261-67.

Wang J, Mao H, Zhao H, Huang D, Wang Z. 2012. Different increases in maize and wheat grain zinc concentrations caused by soil and foliar applications of zinc in Loess Plateau, China. Field Crops Research, 135, 89-96.

Yang X, Tian X, Gale W, Cao Y, Lu X, Zhao A. 2011a. Effect of soil and foliar zinc application on zinc concentration and bioavailability in wheat grain grown on potentially zinc-deficient soil. Cereal Research Communications, 39(4), 535-43.

Yang XW, Tian XH, Lu XC, Cao Y X, Chen ZH. 2011b. Impacts of phosphorus and zinc levels on phosphorus and zinc nutrition and phytic acid concentration in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 91(13), 2322-28.

Zhang YQ, Sun YX, Ye YL, Karim MR, Xue YF, Yan P, Meng QF, Cui ZL, Cakmak I, Zhang FS. 2012. Zinc biofortification of wheat through fertilizer applications in different locations of China. Field Crops Research, 125, 1-7.

Zhang Y, Song Q, Yan J, Tang J, Zhao R, Zhang Y, He Z, Zou C, Ortiz-Monasterio I. 2010. Mineral element concentrations in grains of Chinese wheat cultivars. Euphytica, 174(3), 303-13.

Zong X, Wang H, Song Z, Liu D, Zhang A. 2011. Foliar Zn fertilization impacts on yield and quality in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum). Frontiers of Agriculture in China, 5(4), 552-55.

Innocent Mugenzi, Dong Yongli, Wansim A. Ngnadong, Hai Dan, Etienne Niyigaba, Angelique Twizerimana, Hai Jiangbo.
Effect of combined zinc and iron application rates on summer maize yield, photosynthetic capacity and grain quality.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 12(5), 36-46, May 2018.
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update