International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Combining ability and correlation studies in 6×6 diallel crosses of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

By: Amin Ullah Jan, Raziuddin, Midrarullah, Shariat Ullah, Ajmal Iqbal, Ayaz Ahmad, Siraj Ahmad, Fazal Mabood, Khaista Rahman

Key Words: Combining ability, Correlation, GCA, SCA, Sunflower

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(5), 9-16, May 2017.

Abstract

The current studies was carried out to determine combining ability and correlation in 6×6 diallel crosses of sunflower genotypes for some physiological traits at Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Agricultural University Peshawar during 2009-10.The planted materials consisted of parental lines and their F1 hybrids using randomized complete block design with three replications. Data were recorded on yield and other important agronomic characters. General combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) were significant for all parameters except, seeds head-1. GCA effects for head size, stem thickness were greater than SCA showing contribution of additive gene effects. For flowering and 100 grain weight SCA effects were of greater magnitude than GCA and showing contribution of non-additive gene effects. Plant height exhibited significant (P@ 0.01) positive correlation with flowering and 100 grain weight. Seed head-1 and head size exhibited significant positive correlation with 100 grains weight. Among parental genotypes Rising Sun, US-444 and HS-K6 were the best general combiners for all the traits. Cross combinations Rising Sun × HS-K6, Ausigold-7 × US-444, Ausigold-7 × SMH-0917, Hysun-33 × HS-K6, and Ausigold-7 × HS-K6 showed promising results for majority of the traits, hence could be used in future breeding programs.

| Views 46 |

Combining ability and correlation studies in 6×6 diallel crosses of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

Abdullah K, Mehmet O, Mehmet S, Tanju GA, Metin TZ. 2010. Combining Ability and heterosis for yield and yield components in sunflower. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 38, 259-264.

Arshad M, Ilyas MK, Khan MA. 2007. Genetic divergence and path coefficient analysis for seed yield traits in sunflower. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39,

2009-2015.

Ashok S, Muhammad SN, Narayanan SL. 2000. Combining ability studies in sunflower. Crop Research of Hisar 20, 457-462.

Burli AV, Pawar BB, Jadhav MG. 2001. Combining ability studies of some male sterile lines and restorers in sunflower. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural University 26, 190-191, 2001.

Dagustu N. 2002. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of seed yield components in sunflower. Turkish Journal of Field Crops 7, 15-19.

Ellahi F, Hammad M, Tahir N, Sadaqat NA. 2009. Correlation and path co-efficient analysis for achene yield and yield components in sunflower. Pakistan journal of Agricultural Science 46, 20-24.

Goksoy AT, Turkec A, Turan ZM. 1999. A study on the analysis of heterotic effect for certain agronomical characters in cross populations of sunflower. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Forest, 23, 247-255.

Griffing G. 1956.  Concept of GCA and SCA in relation to diallel system. Australian Journal of Biological Science 9, 463-493.

Habib H, Mehdi SS, Anjum MA, Mohyuddin ME, Zafar M. 2008. Correlation and path analysis for seed yield in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) under charcoal rot stress conditions. International Journal of Agricultural Biology 2, 362-364.

Hand N, Skoric D, Kraljevic M, Sakac Z, Jovanovic D. 2006. Combining ability for oil content and its correlations with other yield components in sunflower. Hilia, 29, 101-110.

Jan M, Farhatullah, Quresh Z, Jan MT, Faiz B. 2005. Diallel analysis of yield and yield components in sunflower. Sarhad Journal of Agricultural 21, 33-36.

Jan M, Jan MT, Faiz B. 2003. Genetic analysis of heritable traits in sunflower. Sarhad Journal of Agricultural 16, 601-604.

Jan M, Raziudin Hassan G. 2005. Combining ability analysis in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.).  Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 8, 710-713.

Kannababu N, Karivaratharaju TV. 2000. Maternal influence of cytoplasmic genic male sterile lines on seed quality in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.).  Indian Journal of PlantPhysiology5, 159-162.

Kaya Y, Atakisi. 2004. Combining ability analysis in sunflower. Pakistan Journal   of Botany 38, 1137-1147.

Khalifa FM, Schneiter AA, Eltayeb EI. 2000. Temperature- germination responses of sunflower inbreeds. Helia 25, 93-100.

Khan H, Rahman H, Ahmad H, Ali H, Ullah I, Alam M. 2008. Magnitude of combining ability of sunflower genotypes in different environments. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40, 151-160.

Khan H, Rahman H.  2008. Magnitude of heterosis and combining ability in sunflower in over environments. MSc (Hons) thesis, Dept. of PBG, Faculty of Crop Production Sciences, NWFP Agricultural University Peshawar, Pakistan.

Kumar AA, Ganesh M, Janila P. 1998. Combining ability analysis for yield and yield contributing characters in sunflower.  Annals of Agricultural of Research 19, 437- 440.

Kwon SH, Torrie JH. 1964. Heritability and inter-relationship among traits of two soybean populations. Crop Science 4, 196-198.

Machikowa T, Saetang C. 2008. Correlation and path coefficient analysis on seed yield in sunflower. Suranaree Journal of Science 15, 243-248.

Miller JF. 1988. Oilseed and heterosis. Agriculture Research Service.

Naik VR, Hiremath SR, Giriraj K. 1999. Gene action in sunflower. Kamataka Journal of Agricultural Science 12, 43-47.

Ozer H, Oral E. 1999. Relationships between yield and yield components on currently improved spring rapeseed cultivars. Journal of Agricultural and Forestry 23, 603-607.

Pascale AJ, Damario EA. 1997.  Change in agro climatic condition for sunflower cultivation in Argentina during the period 1961-90. Revista Faculty of Agronomies 16, 119-125.

Patil BR, Rudraradhya M, Vijayakumar CHM, Basappa H, Virupakshapa K. 1996. Genetic variability in sunflower. Journal of Oilseeds Research 13, 157-161.

Radhika P, Jagadeshwar K, Khan HI. 2001. Heterosis and combining ability
through line × tester analysis in sunflower. Journal of Research ANGRAU 29, 35-43.

Sassikumar D, Gopalan A. 1999. Heterosis for seed yield and its components in sunflower. Madras Agricultural Journal 86, 565-567.

Sgro C, Hoffmann A. 2004. Genetic correlations and environmental variation. Heredity 93, 241-248.

Singh RK, Chaudhery BD. 1979. Biometrical methods in quantitative genetic analysis”, Kalyani Publication of New Delhi, India.

Skoric D. 1992. Achievement and future direction of sunflower breeding. Field Crops Research 30, 231-270.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH. 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics. 2nd ed.

Tahir MHN, Sadaqat HA, Bashir S. 2004.

Correlation and path coefficient analysis of morphological traits in sunflower. International Journal of Agricultural Biology 4, 341–345.

Amin Ullah Jan, Raziuddin, Midrarullah, Shariat Ullah, Ajmal Iqbal, Ayaz Ahmad, Siraj Ahmad, Fazal Mabood, Khaista Rahman.
Combining ability and correlation studies in 6×6 diallel crosses of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.).
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(5), 9-16, May 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijaar/combining-ability-correlation-studies-6x6-diallel-crosses-sunflower-helianthus-annuus-l/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update