Characterization Agromorphological of five cultivars of eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum) grown in Ivory coast
By: Ayolié Koutoua, Séka Chapauh Landry Vgile, Kobénan Kouman, Kouakou Tanoh Hilaire
Key Words: Eggplant, Cultivars, Agro-morphological characters, Côte d’Ivoire Solanum aethiopicum.
Int. J. Agr. Agron. Res. 9(5), 14-20, November 2016.
To select eggplant high yielding cultivars and adapted to ecological conditions of Côte d’Ivoire, a trial was carried out at Anguededou Station of CNRA, between June and December 2008. It consisted to assess the agronomic performances of 5 eggplant cultivars (Solanum aethiopicum) collected from diverse ecological areas of the country. The experimental design was a Randomised Block Completed Design with 4 replications. Observations and measures were recorded on cultivars vegetative behaviour at field, dates of phenologic stages, fructification rate and yield components. Results showed that cultivars were vegetative well developed at the all observations dates. Concerning the days to flowering, all the cultivars flowered between 90 (Aub1N/06Dk) and 108 Days after sowing (Aub42K/06Ti). Aub42K/06Ti and Aub21N/06Du cultivars recorded the highest fructification rate with 87.3 % and 72.7 %, against 43.6 % for the local witness. The Aub1N/06Dk cultivar was the most productive with 10.3 t/ha of net yield. The local witness obtained 2.8 t/ha. To pursue these cultivars eggplant selecting, it would be indicated to undertake multilocal trials in order to appreciate their agronomic aptitude in other agro-ecological environments of Côte d’Ivoire